Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
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- Hamburger ME, Basile KC, Vivolo AM. Measuring Bullying Victimization, Perpetration, and Bystander Experiences: A Compendium of Assessment Tools. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2011, p. 68-78.
Peer-Reviewed Journal Article References: Cole, D. A., Lubarsky, S. R., Nick, E. A., Cho, G. E., Nunez, M., Suarez-Cano, G., Jacquez, F. M., Mick, C., Zhang, Y., Lovette, A. J., Ford, M. A., Lu, R., Gabruk, M. E., & Rodgers, J. L. (2020). The Peer Victimization in College Survey: Construction and validation.Psychological Assessment, 32(9), 851–871.
Merrin, G. J., Espelage, D. L., & Hong, J. S. (2018). Applying the social-ecological framework to understand the associations of bullying perpetration among high school students: A multilevel analysis.Psychology of Violence, 8(1), 43–56.
Teng, Z., Bear, G. G., Yang, C., Nie, Q., & Guo, C. (2020). Moral disengagement and bullying perpetration: A longitudinal study of the moderating effect of school climate.School Psychology, 35(1), 99–109.
QUESTION 13 How does bullying happen? To select and enter your answer go to Test.