What are three factors that affect a female’s alcohol consumption?
What are four psychosocial components that are significantly impacted by prenatal alcohol exposure?
When does the most damage occur to the fetus due to alcohol exposure?
What types of activities should older children with FAS engage in?
According to Ryan, testimony reflected great frustration with the school system, particularly special education, largely regarding a lack of awareness and understanding concerning FASD. Women in treatment for substance abuse may not be informed regarding what risk?
Why are children with FASD and ADHD frequently misdiagnosed as having an oppositional defiant disorder?
What were the four goals of the motivational interview sessions?
What effect did the motivational intervention have on the risk factor for women at-risk for alcohol exposed pregnancy?
What percentage of costs for the care of mentally retarded institutional residents in the US is it estimated as being related to FAS?
What is a key learning concept for FASD teens?
What can the counselor provide in building competence with FASD has the obvious value of enhancing professional skills?
A. Children prenatally exposed to alcohol had greater problems with respect to anxiety, and academic achievement, more deficits in social skills, and significantly higher scores on scales measuring behavioral problems.
B. It is estimated that FAS accounts for as much as 11% of the annual cost of caring for all mentally retarded institutionalized residents.
C. For older children, games which require thinking of two concepts simultaneously, such as number games in which the child remembers three numbers, then says them backward or repeats the second or third one back. "This requires that they store what was required, as well as the string of numbers," Thomas explains. For those in Grades 1 or 2, "anything involving several different items like colors, numbers, shapes."
D. The goals of the motivational interviewing sessions were to provide personalized feedback on the risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy, to motivate participants to change one or both of the target alcohol-use behaviors, to decrease the temptation to engage in risk drinking and increase confidence to avoid it, and to encourage the use of effective contraception through contraceptive counseling visits.
E. Women in recovery from substance abuse testified that while in treatment, they had not been informed regarding the dangers of drinking during pregnancy.
F. A key learning concept for FASD teens is repetition.
G. The most damage occurs to the fetus during
synaptogenesis, a critical time in development when neurons are rapidly forming connections.
H. Children with FASD and ADHD are commonly quite talkative, yet may lack cognitive understanding of inappropriate answers.
I. Three factors that affect a female’s alcohol consumption are age, role, and marital status.
J. Motivational intervention doubled the odds that women who were at-risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancy would be successful in moving to a low-risk category.
K. FASD-informed care.